WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard Data last updated: 2021/08/07. https://covid19.who.int/.
Wan Z, Lian M, Ma H, Cai Z, Xianyu Y. Factors associated with burnout among Chinese nurses during COVID-19 epidemic: a cross-sectional study; 2020.
Guixia L, Hui Z. A study on burnout of nurses in the period of COVID-19. Psychol Behav Sci. 2020;9(3):31.
Mira JJ, Carrillo I, Guilabert M, Mula A, Martin-Delgado J, Pérez-Jover MV, et al. Acute stress of the healthcare workforce during the COVID-19 pandemic evolution: a cross-sectional study in Spain. BMJ Open. 2020;10(11):e042555.
Babamiri MAN, Heidarimoghadam R. Research on reducing burnout in health care workers in critical situations such as the COVID-19 outbreak. Work (Reading, Mass). 2020;66(2):379–80.
Kannampallil TG, Goss CW, Evanoff BA, Strickland JR, McAlister RP, J. D. Exposure to COVID-19 patients increases physician trainee stress and burnout. Plos One. 2020;15(8):e0237301.
De Simone S, Vargas M, Servillo G. Organizational strategies to reduce physician burnout: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Aging Clin Exp Res. 2021;33(4):883–94.
Kar SK, Yasir Arafat S, Kabir R, Sharma P, Saxena SK. Coping with mental health challenges during COVID-19. In: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Singapore: Springer; 2020. p. 199–213.
Sant’Ana G, Imoto AM, Amorim FF, Taminato M, Peccin MS, Santana LA, et al. Infection and death in healthcare workers due to COVID-19: a systematic review. Acta Paul Enferm. 2020;33:eAPE20200107.
Gómez-Ochoa SA, Franco OH, Rojas LZ, Raguindin PF, Roa-Díaz ZM, Wyssmann BM, et al. COVID-19 in health-care workers: a living systematic review and meta-analysis of prevalence, risk factors, clinical characteristics, and outcomes. Am J Epidemiol. 2021;190(1):161–75.
Erdem H, Lucey DR. Healthcare worker infections and deaths due to COVID-19: a survey from 37 nations and a call for WHO to post national data on their website. Int J Infect Dis. 2021;102:239.
Organization WH. Burn-out an “occupational phenomenon”: international classification of diseases. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2019.
SR. D. Factors associated with burnout among physicians: an evaluation during a period of COVID-19 pandemic. J Healthc Leadersh. 2020;12:85–94.
Hosseininejad SM, Aminiahidashti H, Montazer SH, Elyasi F, Moosazadeh M, Ahmadi N. Job burnout among the emergency department nurses of medical training centers affiliated to Mazandaran university of medical sciences. Iran J Emerg Med. 2016;3(4):125–31.
Ahmadi A, Ahmadi M, Elyasi F, Ahmadi A, Ahmadi N. The relationship of occupational burnout and communication skills in nurses. J Mazandaran Univ Med Sci. 2013;23(106):130–9.
Magnavita N, Chirico F, Garbarino S, Bragazzi NL, Santacroce E, Zaffina S. SARS/MERS/SARS-CoV-2 outbreaks and burnout syndrome among healthcare workers. An umbrella systematic review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2021;18(8):4361.
Sasangohar F, Jones SL, Masud FN, Vahidy FS, Kash BA. Provider burnout and fatigue during the COVID-19 pandemic: lessons learned from a high volume intensive care unit. Anesth Analg. 2020;131(1):106–11.
Sultana ASR, Hossain MM, Bhattacharya S, Purohit N. Burnout among healthcare providers during COVID-19 pandemic: Challenges and evidence-based interventions; 2020. p. 1–7.
Chirico F, Ferrari G, Nucera G, Szarpak L, Crescenzo P, Ilesanmi O. Prevalence of anxiety, depression, burnout syndrome, and mental health disorders among healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a rapid umbrella review of systematic reviews. J Health Soc Sci. 2021;6(2):209–20.
Elbarazi I, Loney T, Yousef S, Elias A. Prevalence of and factors associated with burnout among health care professionals in Arab countries: a systematic review. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017;17(1):491.
Talaee N, Varahram M, Jamaati H, Salimi A, Attarchi M. Stress and burnout in health care workers during COVID-19 pandemic: validation of a questionnaire. Nature Public Health Emergency Collection. 2022;30(3):531–36.
Gómez-Urquiza JL, la Fuente-Solana D, Emilia I, Albendín-García L, Vargas-Pecino C, Ortega-Campos EM. Prevalence of burnout syndrome in emergency nurses: a meta-analysis. Crit Care Nurse. 2017;37(5):e1–9.
Ramirez-Baena L, Ortega-Campos E, Gomez-Urquiza JL, la Fuente-Solana D, Emilia I. A multicentre study of burnout prevalence and related psychological variables in medical area hospital nurses. J Clin Med. 2019;8(1):92.
Elshaer NSM, Moustafa MSA, Aiad MW, Ramadan MIE. Job stress and burnout syndrome among critical care healthcare workers. Alexandria J Med. 2018;54(3):273–7.
Bashirian S, Bijani M, Borzou SR, Khazaei S. Resilience, Occupational Burnout, and Parenting Stress in Nurses Caring for COVID-2019 Patients; 2020.
Mousavi SV, Ramezani M, Salehi I, Hossein Khanzadeh AA, Sheikholeslami F. The relationship between burnout dimensions and psychological symptoms (depression, anxiety and stress) among nurses. J Holist Nurs Midwifery. 2017;27(2):37–43 eng.
Hardy P, Costemale-Lacoste J-F, Trichard C, Butlen-Ducuing F, Devouge I, Cerboneschi V, et al. Comparison of burnout, anxiety and depressive syndromes in hospital psychiatrists and other physicians: results from the ESTEM study. Psychiatry Res. 2020;284:112662.
Hoseinabadi TS, Kakhki S, Teimori G, Nayyeri S. Burnout and its influencing factors between frontline nurses and nurses from other wards during the outbreak of coronavirus disease-COVID-19-in Iran. Investigacion y Educacion en Enfermeria. 2020;38(2):e03.
Guan M. Associations between perceptions of the work environment and job burnout based on MIMIC models among 679 knowledge workers. SAGE Open. 2021;11(1):2158244021999384.
Jalili M, Niroomand M, Hadavand F, Zeinali K, Fotouhi A. Burnout among healthcare professionals during COVID-19 pandemic: a cross-sectional study. Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 2021;94:1345–52.
Rohland BM, Kruse GR, Rohrer JE. Validation of a single-item measure of burnout against the Maslach burnout inventory among physicians. Stress Health. 2004;20(2):75–9.
Olson K, Sinsky C, Rinne ST, Long T, Vender R, Mukherjee S, et al. Cross-sectional survey of workplace stressors associated with physician burnout measured by the Mini-Z and the Maslach burnout inventory. Stress Health. 2019;35(2):157–75.
Yanyan Z, Tingting Z, LI B. A related study of occupational burnout and depression, anxiety in nurses working at intensive care unit. J Psychiatry. 2018;31:442–5.
Myhren H, Ekeberg Q, Stokland O. Job Satisfaction and Burnout among Intensive Care Unit Nurses and Physicians. Critical Care Research and Practice. 2013;2013:Article ID: 786176.
Rasoulian M, Elahi F, Afkham EA. The relationship between job burnout and personality traits in nurses. Iran J Psychiatry Clin Psychol. 2004;9(4):18–24.
Naldi A, Vallelonga F, Di Liberto A, Cavallo R, Agnesone M, Gonella M, et al. COVID-19 pandemic-related anxiety, distress and burnout: prevalence and associated factors in healthcare workers of north-West Italy. BJPsych Open. 2021;7(1):E27.
Alanazi KH, bin Saleh GM, AlEidi SM, AlHarbi MA, Hathout HM. Prevalence and risk factors of burnout among healthcare professionals during COVID-19 pandemic-Saudi Arabia. Am J Public Health. 2021;9(1):18–27.
Maunder RG, Lancee WJ, Balderson KE, Bennett JP, Borgundvaag B, Evans S, et al. Long-term psychological and occupational effects of providing hospital healthcare during SARS outbreak. Emerg Infect Dis. 2006;12(12):1924.
Barzgar M, Mostafazadeh A, Habibzadeh H, Radfar M, Khalkhali HR. Prediction occupational burnout based job stress in nurses in the emergency department. Iran J Psychiatr Nurs. 2021;8(6):0.
Chaudhari AP, Mazumdar K, Motwani YM, Ramadas D. A profile of occupational stress in nurses. Ann Indian Psychiatry. 2018;2(2):109.
Kakemam E, Raeissi P, Raoofi S, Soltani A, Sokhanvar M, Visentin DC, et al. Occupational stress and associated risk factors among nurses: a cross-sectional study. Contemp Nurse. 2019;55(2–3):237–49.
Barello S, Palamenghi L, Graffigna G. Burnout and somatic symptoms among frontline healthcare professionals at the peak of the Italian COVID-19 pandemic. Psychiatry Res. 2020;290:113129.
Ahmadi O, Azizkhani R, Basravi M. Correlation between workplace and occupational burnout syndrome in nurses. Adv Biomed Res. 2014;3:44.
Zis P, Anagnostopoulos F, Sykioti P. Burnout in medical residents: a study based on the job demands-resources model. Sci World J. 2014;2014:Article ID: 673279.
Kulik MM. Cierpienie, które przerasta, czyli o wypaleniu lekarzy pracujących z ludźmi przewlekle chorymi. Studia z psychologii w KUL Wyd KUL. 2008;15:81–112.
Jahanian F, Elyasi F, Hosseininejad SM, Hajizaadeh A, Golykhatir I. Evaluation of satisfaction, burnout, compassion, and secondary traumatic stress and related factors among residents working in training. Int J Hosp Res. 2020;9(1). http://ijhr.iums.ac.ir/article_110650.html.
Treluyer L, Tourneux P. Burnout among paediatric residents during the COVID-19 outbreak in France. Eur J Pediatr. 2021;180(2):627–33.
Roslan NS, Yusoff MSB, Razak AA, Morgan K. Burnout prevalence and its associated factors among Malaysian healthcare workers during COVID-19 pandemic: an embedded mixed-method study. In: Healthcare: Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute; 2021;9(1):90.
Koutsimani P, Montgomery A, Georganta K. The relationship between burnout, depression, and anxiety: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Front Psychol. 2019;10:284.
Azizi M, Kamali M, Moosazadeh M, Aarabi M, Ghasemian R, Hasannezhad Reskati M, Elyasi F. Assessing mental health status among Iranian healthcare workers in times of the COVID-19 pandemic: A web-based cross-sectional study. Brain Behav. 2021;11(8):1–13.
Alrawashdeh HM, Ala’a B, Alzawahreh MK, Al-Tamimi A, Elkholy M, Al Sarireh F, et al. Occupational burnout and job satisfaction among physicians in times of COVID-19 crisis: a convergent parallel mixed-method study. BMC Public Health. 2021;21(1):1–18.
Brera AS, Arrigoni C, Dellafiore F, Odone A, Magon A, Nania T, et al. Burnout syndrome and its determinants among healthcare workers during the first wave of the Covid-19 outbreak in Italy: a cross-sectional study to identify sex-related differences. La Medicina del lavoro. 2021;112(4):306.
Nejatian M, Alami A, Momeniyan V, Noghabi AD, Jafari A. Investigating the status of marital burnout and related factors in married women referred to health centers. BMC Womens Health. 2021;21(1):1–9.
Huang L, Lei W, Xu F, Liu H, Yu L. Emotional responses and coping strategies in nurses and nursing students during Covid-19 outbreak: a comparative study. Plos One. 2020;15(8):e0237303.
Lai J, Ma S, Wang Y, Cai Z, Hu J, Wei N, et al. Factors associated with mental health outcomes among health care workers exposed to coronavirus disease 2019. JAMA Netw Open. 2020;3(3):e203976-e.
Kunst SA. Childless elderly: the influence of not having children on your mental health; 2021.
Křenková L. Childlessness and social support in old age. Finn Yearb Popul Res. 2018;53:25–50.
Chirico F, Ferrari G. Role of the workplace in implementing mental health interventions for high-risk groups among the working age population after the COVID-19 pandemic. J Health Soc Sci. 2021;6(2):145–50.
Chirico F, Magnavita N. The spiritual dimension of health for more spirituality at workplace. Indian. J Occup Environ Med. 2019;23(2):99.
Chirico F, Sharma M, Zaffina S, Magnavita N. Spirituality and prayer on teacher stress and burnout in an Italian cohort: a pilot, before-after controlled study. Front Psychol. 2020;10:2933.
Chirico F. Spirituality to cope with COVID-19 pandemic, climate change and future global challenges. J Health Soc Sci. 2021;6:151–8.
Mira JJ, Vicente MA, Lopez-Pineda A, Carrillo I, Guilabert M, Fernández C, et al. Preventing and addressing the stress reactions of health care workers caring for patients with COVID-19: development of a digital platform (be+ against COVID). JMIR mHealth and uHealth. 2020;8(10):e21692.